The DonJoy Arch Rival was designed specifically for patients suffering from mild to moderate Cavus Foot Deformities. Its patented , prefabricated orthotic design, ensures natural foot function, stability during gait and improved shock absorption. The unique feature of the Arch Rival is the recessed area under the head of the first metatarsal. If a hammertoe interferes with your daily routine activities or if you experience continuing pain because of your hammertoe, contact your podiatrist or physician. He/she will examine the affected toe and take some X-rays. Your physician may splint the toe and give you special exercises to perform. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Calluses and corns may grow in highly sensitive areas of the foot so extra care should be taken to avoid over filing the hardened skin so as not to include the otherwise soft parts and risk infection. This is especially true for people with diabetes. Diabetes, which tends to impair capillaries through which nutrients for feeding the skin are coursed, greatly increases callus formation and increases the risk of foot ulcers which can now be life-threatening if not treated delicately. Diabetic foot infections are the leading cause of diabetic limb amputation. The pain then can affect other areas of the forefoot (front of the foot) including the toes caused by contractures of ligaments and tendons leading to bunions (turning of the big toe towards the other toes) or your other toes may begin to curl and get stiff (often called hammertoes or claw toes). As this occurs, calluses become a larger problem and may build up under the ball of the foot, at the joints of the toes or even at the tips of the toes. Care must be exercised to limit damage to the skin by allowing these calluses to become wounds. Bunions are bony bumps that appear on the joint of your big toe. This abnormal growth increases the size of the joint and causes your big toe to rub against the others, resulting in pain. Shoes that are too tight are the most common cause, but bunions can also result from stress on the foot, arthritis, genetic defects or certain health conditions. There are several remedies that do not involve surgery and are easily accomplished on your own. In some cases, though, surgery may be your only option. It is important to prevent bunion deformity before it is too severe, since an untreated bunion can interfere with standing and walking. Attractive to some and a nuisance to others, this bony bump at the base of the big toe joint can become extremely painful as it worsens. Soft, wide shoes or sandals are generally the most comfortable footwear options for bunions Ensure that the toe box is wide enough to allow your toes to wiggle and that there is no stitching on the side of the bunion bump. You may also require custom-made orthotics or foot slings, in case the bunion is associated with faulty foot biomechanics. Stop pretending that your feet are the size of little dogs when they are really the size of big dogs. Measure your feet always!!!! Do not wear shoes that would restrict your feet from breathing space. Choose a shoe that is comfortable for you. There are different designs of shoes. And each of these fashion styles have particular impacts to the person who wears it. Decide on the most comfortable yet stylish shoe for your feet so as not to develop painful calluses. Bones can also get callouses - it's part of the bone repair process. Bone is not the stable structure it's portrayed as. It is constantly being remodeled. Because of this, breaks are repaired by the broken ends forming callouses and then extending towards one another. by Marionette, Wikimedia Here are some general guidelines to keep in mind. Avoid shoes that are too tight and shoes that are too loose. Tight shoes compress your foot causing unnecessary pressure. Loose shoes allow the shoe to rub back and forth against your foot – a repetitive motion that causes patches of hard, dry skin to form as the foot attempts to protect itself. Avoid wearing shoes without socks, even if it’s just a quick trip to the grocery store. Socks are there to protect your feet from friction! And beware of ill-fitting socks or socks with large seams that can also be a source of rubbing.