A bunions is a deviation of the big-toe joint that causes pain while walking and forms a large bump on the side of the foot, according to the authors of "The Good Foot Book." Contrary to popular belief, bunions are not solely caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes, but have been been linked to genetics. Although temporary treatment for bunions include over-the-counter pain medication or steroid injections, the only way to correct a bunion is to have a surgical procedure followed by wearing shoes that prevent abnormal pronation, which prevent future bunions from forming. If you have bunions-an abnormality of joint near your big toe that causes the joint to enlarge-you already know there are many ways to treat this foot condition (Mayo Clinic, see Resources). If conservative treatments such as pain relievers, new shoes and shoe inserts are not helping you return to your normal activities, you may need to consider having surgery to correct the problem. As with any other kind of invasive treatment, bunion surgery is a serious matter, requiring preparation on your part before the big day. Hammer toes is when your toe curls downward into a claw-like position, and may need to be taped to straighten and realign. Metatarsaigia is experienced as a shooting or sharp pain, accompanied by inflammation in the ball of the foot. Icing your foot several times a day and doing toe lifts and stretches will help. It is also wise to avoid sports. To prevent further problems try using arch supports and/or shock absorbing insoles. Bunions are formed when the sideways (transverse) arch falls. Then it pushes the sides of the joints outwards where they rub against the inside of the shoes. This builds up a callous. Give the exercises a try. But if you still have no improvement in your pain after a week or so , you should see your doctor. If you still have pain after doing these exercises, you may need some arch supports in your shoes. If your problem is mild, you can buy them at any drug store. If the arches are very bad, your doctor may need to prescribe special ones. Arthritis is the inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and the lining of the joint, sometimes accompanied by cartilage destruction and fluid in the joint. Arthritis appears to be associated with many different illnesses despite its close link to genetics. Joint inquiries especially if not treated promptly can lead to osteoarthritis. Bone spurs of the feet are a very common problem, typically occurring in the heel and near the toes. A heel spur is a growth of bone on the underside of the heel bone. Heel spurs form when the plantar tendon pulls at its attachment to the heel bone. Spurs can also develop on the top of the big toe joint. Anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections are common treatments for spurs, but surgery may be recommended if spurring around the joint becomes severe. What are hammer toes? They are bent tones that are caused by a deformity of the joint of the toe itself. There are some exceptions to this course of treatment and it is up to you and our office to determine the most appropriate course of treatment. Following surgical treatment to correct heel pain the patient will generally have to continue the use of orthotics. The surgery does not correct the cause of the heel pain. The surgery will illuminate the pain but the process that caused the pain will continue without the use of orthotics. If orthotics have been prescribed prior to surgery they generally do not have to be remade. Usually, preventing friction is the only treatment needed. If a corn is the result of a poor-fitting shoe, changing to shoes that fit properly will usually eliminate the corn within a couple of weeks. Until then, protect the skin with donut-shaped corn pads, available in pharmacies. If desired, use a pumice stone to gently wear down the corn. DIABETICS SHOULD NOT CUT THEIR OWN CORNS OR CALLOUSES NOR SHOULD THEY USE MEDICATED CORN PAD REMOVERS AS THESE CAN CAUSE INFECTIONS AND POTENTIAL FOR AMPUTATIONS. Flat warts are generally found on the face and forehead. They are common in children, less so in teens, and rare in adults. In rare cases, nerve pain occurs in the space between the second and third toes. This is not a common form of Morton's neuroma, but treatment is similar. Nerve testing (electromyography) cannot definitely diagnose Morton's neuroma, but may be used to rule out conditions that cause similar symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove the thickened tissue. This can help relieve pain and improve foot function. Numbness after surgery is permanent, but should not be painful. Nonsurgical treatment does not always improve symptoms. Surgery to remove the thickened tissue is successful in about 85% of cases.